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When you consider exercise, then you may imagine strenuous activities like running or cycling -- the ones that make you breathe hard, turn flush and drip with sweat. But aerobic action is simply 1 type of exercise, and though it's critical for fostering fitness, there are actually three other kinds of exercise that are also important: strength training, balance training and endurance training.
Each type of exercise is essential in its own manner, and doing all four types is the way to maximize your fitness and prevent injury, experts say.
"While aerobic exercise is very important, it's not as effective for total health" when performed independently compared with when people include all four kinds of exercise within their routine, stated Dr. Edward Laskowski, co-director of the Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine Center at Rochester, Minnesota. "They kind of go together" and match each other, Laskowski said.
As an example, strength training makes muscles stronger, which, in turn, helps to support and protect joints and this might assist in preventing harm during aerobic exercise. Meanwhile, balance exercises use muscle power in a coordinated fashion to stabilize your movements, and can reduce the risk of injuries such as ankle sprains, Laskowski said.
In addition, you could be very fit snugly, but"if you are not flexible, you're still going to pull something when you are training," said Kelly Drew, an exercise physiologist with the American College of Sports Medicine. Flexibility also helps you do strength trainingsince it improves your range of motion around your joints, making sure you are able to do lifts and other strength moves effectively, Drew explained.
To research the most crucial information on those exercise kinds, Live Science talked with experts and examined the latest scientific study. Below, we've linked to our detailed articles about the four types of exercise. Each article discusses the benefits of the particular exercise type, as well as how much you need to do and how to prevent injury during the action. Ultimately, we'll provide ways to integrate all four kinds of exercise into your fitness regimen.
Aerobic exercise
Aerobic exercises, like running, swimming or dancing, are actions that work your cardiovascular system -- they get your heart rate up and make you breathe harder. This type of exercise can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and higher blood pressure, and might even reduce the risk of cancer. Complete story: Here's what you want to know about aerobic exercise.
Strength exercises, like weight lifting, push-ups and crunches, work your muscles by using resistance (such as a barbell or your own body weight.) This type of exercise increases lean muscle mass, which is particularly crucial for weight loss, since lean muscle burns more calories than other forms of tissue. Full story: here is what you will need to know about strength training.
Balance exercise

Balance exercises improve your ability to control and stabilize your body's position. This type of exercise is very important for elderly adults, since equilibrium gets worse with age.But equilibrium exercises can be good for everybody, including those who have lost or gained a great deal of fat or people who become pregnant, which may throw away your center of gravity,'' Drew explained. Complete story: here is what you need to know about equilibrium exercises.
Flexibility exercises stretch your muscles and may enhance your assortment of motion at your joints. They can enhance your endurance, and reduce your chance of injury during sports and other pursuits. Complete story: Here's what you need to learn about flexibility exercises.
Putting it all together

Ideally, you need to include all four kinds of exercise on your workouts. But that does not mean you have to do four different workouts, Drew explained. It's possible to combine several exercises together, such as strength and balance training. For example, you can do bicep curls while standing on one leg. Some exercises, such as yoga, include strength, flexibility and balance exercises.
A sample workout may include running or walking briskly for 30 minutes on a treadmill to get aerobic exercise, then doing balance and strength exercises combined, and completing by performing some static stretches, Drew explained. "Your exercise program should incorporate a bit of all four [types of workout ]," Drew explained.

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